Opportunities for students to experience success are an important part of creating classrooms conducive to potential learning. Motivated students appear willing to put forth an effort toward their academic success. Student engagement requires capturing the attention and maintaining active participation of students. When students are motivated to learn, then engagement increases.
- Demonstrate enthusiasm for the content or subject area and a willingness to support students.
- Show respect for diversity; create a climate where students accept and value diversity.
- Recognize success often, yet be aware individual praise is inappropriate in some cultures.
- Display a genuine interest in students; tailor strategies to address individual concerns, interests,
backgrounds, and preferred learning modalities.
- Build relationships with students to establish trust.
- Foster a risk-free environment where students feel confident asking and responding to questions.
- Eliminate elements of the learning environment that lead to fear or failure (e.g., belittlement, humiliation,
intimidation, degrading comments, lack of acknowledgement, peer competition).
- Use positive language (e.g., presentation tone, facial expressions, gestures, pacing) to increase attention.
- Connect concepts/ideas to contexts that reflect student interests and cultural or linguistic backgrounds or
- Use emotional hooks to pique student interest and make learning memorable (e.g., photos, video clips,
- Integrate and embrace technology to build relevancy, increase participation, and improve retention.
- Provide varied resources and design tasks that address appropriate levels of difficulty.
- Use examples that help students understand the purpose of the learning objective and its application to
their everyday lives.
- Establish realistic goals for students; allow students to set personal performance goals that are
- Place emphasis on mastery and learning, rather than on testing and grading.
- Provide nonjudgmental feedback; praise sincere efforts on work tasks.
- Offer choices (e.g., limited, controlled) to promote independency and ownership.
- Give students as much control as possible (e.g., ways of completing assignments, learning new tasks,
making personal choices, setting goals).
- Engage students as active participants in their learning.
- Increase modeling, guided practice, and hands-on activities to increase student participation.
- Alternate between passive and active instructional activities.
- Pause often to allow students to interact with content being studied (e.g., illustrate key points, share
2-sentence summary, relate main idea to an analogy, collaborate with peers, complete an organizer).
- Vary instructional routines by changing teaching activities and methods (e.g., group settings, debates,
brainstorming, combination of print and online learning, role-playing, demonstrations, investigations,
- Promote high-response opportunities during direct instruction (e.g., partner-to-partner, digital polling, text voting, response cards, quick writes).